San Isaac Jogues

Por: Xavier Villalta A. | Fuente: Catholic.net

Sacerdote y Mártir

Martirologio Romano: En la aldea de Ossenenon, en el territorio de Canadá, martirio de san Isaac Yogues, presbítero de la Compañía de Jesús y mártir, que fue convertido en esclavo por los indígenas, los cuales le cortaron los dedos, hasta quele abrieron la cabeza a hachazos. Su memoria se celebra el día 19 de octubre († 1646).

Fecha de beatificación: 21 de junio de 1925 por el Papa Pío XI
Fecha de canonización: 29 de junio de 1930 por el Papa Pío XI

Etimológicamente Isaac = “aquél a quien Dios sonríe”. Viene de la lengua hebrea.

Breve Biografía

EL HOMBRE DE ORLEANS
Isaac Jogues, nació en Orleans, el 10 de enero de 1607, era el quinto de nueve niños. A la edad de diez él asistió a las escuelas Jesuítas, y, cuando tenía diecisiete, decidío volverse jesuita. Una vez aceptado, entró en el noviciado de Rouen y tenía el privilegio de ser dirigido por Louis Lalemant Padre, maestro de religion y vida espiritual.

Después de dos años de noviciado Jogues siguió sus estudios en la Universidad de La Fle y en 1629 empezó a enseñar en Rouen humanidades a los jóvenes franceses. Él era un maestro exitoso, porque era un humanista dotado con un notable dominio del idioma. Cuatro años después retomó al estudio de teología en Clermont (París), y, después de tres años, se ordenó sacerdote en la capilla a Clermont.

Era 1636, y Jogues se sintió listo para el trabajo de misionero en Nueva Francia, un apostolado que él había anhelado.

Sus hermanos jesuítas habían lanzado la misión en Nueva Francia en 1625 mientras Jogues todavía era un novicio. En 1626, ellos habían enviado al famoso Jean de Brebeuf a abrir otra misión entre el Hurons, 900 millas tierra adentro. Éste era un apostolado muy difícil y exigente, pero Jogues deseaba ir.

De los primeros años de Jogues como jesuita, el Padre Jacques Buteux, un amigo, dijo: «fue amado por Nosotros como ser muy gentil y por estar muy atento de nuestro estilo de vida.»

El jóven sacerdote jesuíta partió de Dieppe, el 8 de abril de 1636, y ocho semanas después su nave dejó caer ancla en la Bahía de Chaleurs. Él localizó Quebec sólo varias semanas después, el 2 de julio.

EN TERRITORIO HURÓN
En una carta a su madre, datado el 20 de agosto de 1636, enviado desde Three Rivers, Jogues describió su llegada, estado de salud y las impresiones iniciales. Él también agregó una breve pero importante posdata: «He recibido órdenes de estar listo para proseguir hacia la misión en territorio Hurón en dos o tres días».

El 24 de agosto, Jogues se embarcó en una canoa con cinco Hurons que habían venido a comerciar y hiban de regreso a su territorio. Sería un viaje tranquilo para el nuevo misionero con el poco familiar idioma Hurón. De hecho, este primer viaje a debe de haber sido uno de los eventos memorables en las vidas de estos o de cualesquiera otros viajeros a territorio Hurón en el futuro. Jogues nos ha dejado algunas de sus impresiones del viaje.

Mencionó que su única comida para la jornada era maíz indio, aplastó entre dos piedras y hervido en agua sin ningún aliño; durmiendo en precipicios altos a orillan del río Ottawa, al aire libre y bajo la luz de la luna; la incomodidad de viajar en una canoa atestada, sin poder cambiar de posición o estirar los músculos acalambrados; el silencio forzado por no conocer una palabra del lenguaje indigena; y las costumbres extrañas y bruscas de sus compañeros de viaje.

Había también los acarreos interminables alrededor de los rápidos y cascadas tan abundantes en el río de Ottawa. Y todavía, pese a todos los riesgos usuales del viaje, el grupo de Jogues hizo un tiempo excelente. Ellos tomaron sólo diecinueve días para cubrir una distancia que normalmente tomaba veinticinco a treinta. Jogues desembarcó de su canoa en Ihonatiria el 11 de septiembre.

Algunos años más tarde, retornando de Quebec a su misión fueron enboscados por los Iroquis, los más grandes enemigos de los Hurones, entre los pocos sobrevivientes se contaba Jogues quien terminó como prisionero.

Incluso entre los mártires Isaac Jogues es algo único, porque estubo bajo arresto algunos años de martirio antes de que le llegara la muerte con un tomahawh. En cierto sentido, nosotros podríamos decir que el martirio de Jogues duró de 1642 a 1646.

La verdadera grandeza de Jogues sólo surgió bajo la tensión de la captura y el sufrimiento increíble. Era como que si su conocidos nunca hubieran conocido la profundidad de su fe y amor hasta que fue probado en el fuego de tortura y cautiverio Iroqui. Eso ocurrió en 1642 cuando Jogues se fue tomado prisionero cerca de Sorel.

San Isaac Jogues fue canonizado el 26 de junio de 1930, conjuntamente con Juan de BrébeufNatal ChabanelRené Goupil, Juan de La Lande, Antonio Daniel, Gabriel Lalement y Carlos Garnier. Un grupo de «amigos en el Señor», en la tierra y en el cielo.

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